These facts were taken from http://www.cwla.org/advocacy/2008legagenda.pdf
Follow the money. CPS is selling our children into slavery.
In 2003, the incentive formula was revised to provide
payments in four categories. A state may receive a maximum
of $8,000 per child:
• $4,000 for each child in foster care adopted above the
established baseline of children adopted from foster care;
• $6,000 for each child in foster care adopted whom the
state classifies as having special needs, as long as the
state also increases the total number of children adopted;
• $8,000 for each older child in foster care (age 9 or
older) adopted above the baseline of older foster child
adoptions, as long as the state also increases the total
number of children adopted; and
• $4,000 for each older child in foster care adopted above the
baseline of older foster child adoptions when the number of
older foster child adoptions increases, but the overall number
of children adopted from foster care does not increase.
The 2003 law also reset the target number of adoptions
a state must reach to receive a bonus payment. Under the
current formula, to receive a payment in any of the categories
(overall adoptions, special-needs adoptions, or older-child
adoptions), a state must exceed the number of adoptions in
these categories set in FY 2002. For any subsequent year,
the baseline is the highest number of adoptions in 2002
or later. The law allows Congress to approve $43 million
annually for the payments. If states cannot draw down all
the funds, the money is returned to the federal government
and not reallocated for other adoption efforts. Since the
2003 reauthorization, national numbers of adoptions have
remained at approximately 51,000 per year and the amount
of incentives provided to states has decreased.
Issues for the 2008 Reauthorization of the
Adoption Incentive Fund
As Congress prepares to reauthorize this fund in 2008, several
issues will arise. One is the suggestion that this fundbe converted into a “permanency” incentive fund. Under this
proposal, states would be rewarded for placing children not
only into adoptive homes, but into the other two permanency
settings—kinship care and family reunification. The challenge
to this proposal is how you measure successful kinship
placements and permanent reunifications of children with
A second challenge is the current baseline for awarding
bonuses to states. Under the current structure, a state must
always exceed its highest year. This structure becomes
increasingly difficult as time goes on. One option that may
address this problem is to have a rolling average over a two
or three year period that will reward states that increase
adoptions from one year to the next.
A final challenge is the use of adoption incentive funds.
Funds awarded to states for increased adoptions do not
necessarily have to be spent on adoption-related activities.
At the federal level, Congress annually appropriates funds
for the Adoption Incentive Fund and if all of those funds are
not awarded to states, the remaining federal appropriations
are returned to the federal treasury instead of being allocated
for adoption activities at the federal level.
Current federal adoption supports are important, but maintaining
the status quo is insufficient. Despite strides to promote
adoptions, the need continues, as these statistics reveal:
• The number of children adopted from foster care has
increased in recent years: 28,000 in 1996; 31,000 in
1997; 37,000 in 1998; 47,000 in 1999; 51,000 in 2000;
51,000 in 2001; 52,000 in 2002; 50,000 in 2003; 51,993
in 2004; and 51,323 in 2005.
• Of the 153,000 children in foster care in 2005, approximately
114,000 were waiting to be adopted.
• In 2005, 66,000 children in foster care had parental
rights terminated for all living parents.
• Of the children waiting to be adopted from foster care as
of September 2005, 36% were black non-Hispanic, 40%
were white non-Hispanic, 15% were Hispanic, 4% were
mixed race non-Hispanic, 2% were Native American or
Alaska Native non-Hispanic, and 3% were of undetermined
• In 2005, the median age of children waiting to be adopted
was 8.4 years. Four percent of the children waiting to be
adopted were younger than 1 year; 33% were ages 1 to 5;
25% were ages 6 to 10; 29% were 11 to 15; and 8%
were 16 or 17.
• Of the children adopted from foster care in 2005, 2%
were younger than age 1; 51% were ages 1 to 5; 28%
were ages 6 to 10; 16% were 11 to 15; and 3% were 16
• Of the children adopted from foster care in 2005, 60%
were adopted by their foster parents, 15% were adopted
by a nonrelative, and 25% were adopted by a relative.