Crawford V Washington Supreme Court Heresay Cannot be Used by CPS in Court


In 2004 in Crawford V Washington the supreme court ruled that parents accused of child abuse/neglect were allowed to face their accusors. Heresay evidence can no longer be used. Parents protect your 6th amendment rights demand that your accusor be there in the hearing

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE TO ALL SUPERIOR AND JUVENILE JUDGES

CRAWFORD v. WASHINGTON

SUPREME COURT RULES 9-0

ON MARCH 8, 2004, SUPREME COURT RULES THAT HEARSAY EVIDENCE IN CHILD ABUSE/NEGLECT AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE CASES IS NOT ADMISSIBLE. PARENTS HAVE THE CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT TO CONFRONT THEIR ACCUSER UNDER THE 6TH AMENDMENT. DCF, THE AAG AND THE STATES ATTORNEY MUST NOW COMPLY WITH THE 6TH AMENDMENT IN CHILD ABUSE/NEGLECT AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE CASES.

Ruling on hearsay evidence guts cases

Prosecuting abuse and domestic violence will be harder after the Supreme Court’s affirmation of the right to face an accuser03/11/04

ROBIN FRANZEN

One of the most defense-friendly U.S. Supreme Court decisions in years, underscoring the right to cross-examine witnesses, could severely thwart the ability of prosecutors to try certain sensitive cases of domestic abuse and child abuse.

Legal authorities were scrambling to decide the extent of Monday’s ruling but said Wednesday that it could gut prosecution of cases in which victims often refuse to testify at trial — domestic violence being a prime example — and limit the use of co-defendants’ statements in the prosecution of other cases.

The 9-0 opinion potentially disallows hearsay evidence that courts had increasingly allowed as exceptions during the past 25 years and boldly reinforces a defendant’s right to confront witnesses under the Sixth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.

“This decision will have a significant impact on criminal prosecution, no doubt,” said Kevin Neely, spokesman for the Oregon attorney general’s office, which convened a meeting Wednesday to discuss the ruling’s effect.

Dana Forman, a criminal defense lawyer, considers the decision in Crawford v. Washington to be the most important ruling from the Supreme Court since the 1966 Miranda decision in terms of preserving constitutional rights for criminal defendants.

“I was blown away by the scope of the thing,” she said.

The decision overturned an assault conviction against Michael Crawford of Olympia, who stabbed a man he thought had tried to rape his wife. Crawford claimed self-defense, arguing the victim was going for a weapon when he was stabbed.

His wife, Sylvia, who was present at the time of the incident, did not testify at her husband’s trial, invoking marital privilege. However, a judge said the prosecution could use her taped statement to police indicating that there was no weapon.

The Supreme Court ruled that the wife’s statement to police was not admissible because the defense did not have an opportunity to cross-examine her.

In overturning the Washington Supreme Court on the Crawford case, the U.S. Supreme Court also abandoned its own 1980 ruling, Ohio v. Roberts, that allowed a hearsay witness statement if a judge found it trustworthy.

Inadequate under Sixth Amendment

Justice Antonin Scalia, who wrote Monday’s opinion, said that wouldn’t have been enough for the framers of the Constitution.

“Dispensing with confrontation because testimony is obviously reliable is akin to dispensing with jury trial because a defendant is obviously guilty,” Scalia wrote. “This is not what the Sixth Amendment prescribes.”

Previously, Oregon prosecutors handling domestic violence and child abuse cases did not have an absolute obligation to produce a witness at trial, Neely said. Instead, they could rely on statements those witnesses made to police officers if they were found to be reliable. Typically, in domestic violence cases, those statements had to be made within 24 hours of the incident.

“Now, in those instances, (prosecutors) will not be able to rely on the officer,” he said. “They’ll be required to produce a witness.”

It was unclear Wednesday whether the Supreme Court’s ruling would be retroactive. Prosecutors certainly hope not. But they are concerned.

“We had a situation where the law was pretty settled that this was admissible,” said Norm Frink, chief deputy district attorney for Multnomah County. “Now, I’m sure every sex abuser in the penitentiary is probably thinking they are going to get out.”

Oregon case already affected

Already, the Supreme Court ruling has caused an Oregon criminal case to be dismissed.

When a domestic assault trial began Monday morning without the victim’s cooperation, a Multnomah County judge ruled that hearsay statements against the defendant were admissible. But that afternoon, after the high court’s ruling, Forman, who works for Multnomah Defenders Inc., successfully asked the judge to exclude the statement. The case was dismissed.

The only way it can be reinstated, Forman said, is if the district attorney compels the victim to testify by issuing an arrest warrant.

Although John Bradley, special counsel for the Multnomah County district attorney’s office, agreed the decision will make prosecutors’ jobs harder, he cautioned that it might not be as broad as it appears on first reading.

Bradley said the opinion doesn’t affect many types of evidence typically admitted at trial, including medical reports or business records. He also said he expected it would take years of litigation to sort out exactly what type of evidence falls under Monday’s ruling.

Defense lawyer Larry Matasar said he thought the ruling would, perhaps most importantly, prevent innocent people from being convicted.

“If you believe in the judicial system and the right of confrontation, it’s one of the bedrock principles,” he said.

Although the ruling was unanimous, Chief Justice William Rehnquist dissented from overturning the court’s 1980 decision that allowed some hearsay evidence. He said it was crucial to deal with the unresolved questions raised by the new ruling quickly.

“Thousands of federal prosecutors and the tens of thousands of state prosecutors need answers,” he wrote. “They need them now, not months or years from now. . . . The parties should not be left in the dark in this manner.”

News researcher Kathleen Blythe contributed to this report.

Reporter Robin Franzen: 503-221-8133; robinfranzen@news.oregonian.com

Copyright 2004 Oregon Live. All Rights Reserved.

About yvonnemason

Background:  The eldest of five children, Yvonne was born May 17, 1951 in Atlanta, Georgia. Raised in East Point, Georgia, she moved to Jackson County, Ga. until 2006 then moved to Port St. Lucie, Florida where she currently makes her home.  Licensed bounty hunter for the state of Georgia. Education:  After a 34 year absence, returned to college in 2004. Graduated with honors in Criminal Justice with an Associate’s degree from Lanier Technical College in 2006. Awards:  Nominated for the prestigious GOAL award in 2005 which encompasses all of the technical colleges. This award is based not only on excellence in academics but also leadership, positive attitude and the willingness to excel in one’s major. Affiliations:  Beta Sigma Phi Sorority  Member of The Florida Writer’s Association – Group Leader for St Lucie County The Dream:  Since learning to write at the age of five, Yvonne has wanted to be an author. She wrote her first novel Stan’s Story beginning in 1974 and completed it in 2006. Publication seemed impossible as rejections grew to 10 years. Determined, she continued adding to the story until her dream came true in 2006. The Inspiration:  Yvonne’s brother Stan has been her inspiration and hero in every facet of her life. He was stricken with Encephalitis at the tender age of nine months. He has defied every roadblock placed in his way and has been the driving force in every one of her accomplishments. He is the one who taught her never to give up The Author: Yvonne is currently the author of several novels, including:  Stan’s Story- the true story of her brother’s accomplishments, it has been compared to the style of Capote, and is currently being rewritten with new information for re-release.  Tangled Minds - a riveting story about a young girl’s bad decision and how it taints everyone’s life around her yet still manages to show that hope is always possible. This novel has been compared to the writing of Steinbeck and is currently being written as a screenplay. This novel will be re-released by Kerlak Publishing in 2009  Brilliant Insanity – released by Kerlak Publishing October 2008  Silent Scream – Released by Lulu.com October 2008- Slated to be made into a movie Yvonne’s Philosophy in Life - “Pay it Forward”: “In this life we all have been helped by others to attain our dreams and goals. We cannot pay it back but what we can do is ‘pay it forward’. It is a simple
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3 Responses to Crawford V Washington Supreme Court Heresay Cannot be Used by CPS in Court

  1. CC Tillett says:

    The way DSHS gets around this decision is that DSHS now uses sworn affidavits that states ” To the best of their knowledge this evidence is true” Time to take this back to the “Supreme Court” for language.

    Like

  2. dana says:

    my daughter has been taken from me with no proof of wrong doing. I passed ALL drug test. There reason is the police who want to adopt her says I am involved with AB. I have never been to prison or jail!

    Like

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