These children were protected to death after they were placed by CPS in foster homes, adopters, group homes, or psychiatric facilities.
Genesis Acosta-Garcia, Las Vegas Nevada, three months old, November 19, 2005, septic shock
Travis C Adams, Salem Oregon, August 8 2000, December 16 2002, wandered into creek
Kayla Y Allen, Richlands North Carolina, November 10 1995 – August 24 2003, poison
Martin Lee Anderson, Panama City Florida, fourteen years old, January 6 2006, beating/suffocation
Richard L (Ricky) Aragon, Albuquerque New Mexico, January 24 1991 – April 12 1993, battered
Shirley Arciszewski, Charlotte North Carolina, April 19 1992 – September 11 2004, restraint
Miguel Humberto Arias-Baca, Westminster Colorado, two years old, February 2 1999, battered
Angellika Nicole Arndt, Minneapolis Minnesota, seven years old, May 26 2006, restraint
Ian August, Sevier Desert Utah, June 21 1988 – July 13, 2002, exhaustion
Denzel Bailey, Los Angeles California, eleven months old, April 2001, malnutrition
Jeffrey Baldwin, Toronto Ontario, December 20 1996 – November 30 2002, malnutrition/pneumonia
Casey Paul Barrow, West Valley Utah, eighteen months old, October 22 2003, battered
Anthony Bars, Indiana, four years old, January 20 2004, starvation, battered
Shelly Bash, Midland Michigan, eight years old, March 2005, transplant rejection
Nadine Catherine Beaulieu, Dauphin Manitoba, twenty three months old, February 1996, battered
Teddy Bellingham, Smiths Falls Ontario, sixteen years old, August 1992, beaten
Jerome Bennett, Oshawa Ontario, fifteen years old, February 3 2006, homicide
Maria Bennett, Lancaster Ohio, two years old, October 23, 2002, battered
Modesto Blanco, Lubbock Texas, twenty two months old, March 2 2002, battered
Christian Blewitt né Osik, Halesowen England, three years old, December 2002, poison/battered
Deondre Bondieumaitre, Florida, sixteen months old, April 16 2003, battered
Timothy Boss, Remsen Iowa, ten years old, February 23 2000, battered
Alex Boucher, New Port Richey Florida, January 25 1997 – September 25 2000, asphyxiation
Ashley Boyd, LaFayette Georgia, twelve years old, December 13 2005, hit by car / suicide
Jason Bright, Las Vegas Nevada, fourteen years old, August 5 2006, gunshot / homicide
Kerry Brooks, Los Angeles California, nine years old, February 10 2001, suicide
Talitha Brooks, Colorado, one year old, July 1998, heatstroke
Amira Brown, Reading Pennsylvania, twelve years old, September 4 2005, battered / restraint
Diminiqua Bryant, Dothan Alabama, two years old, May 1999, battered
Scott Buckle, Swansea Wales, twelve years old, February 6 2005, hanging
Latasha Bush, Manvel Texas, January 2 1987 – February 28 2002, restraint
Michael Buxton, Miami Oklahoma, five years old, July 5 1998, battered
Everlyse Cabrera, Las Vegas Nevada, two years old, June 10 2006, lost
Eduardo Calzada, Bakersfield California, three months old, March 2004, battered
Chris Campbell, Toledo Iowa, thirteen years old, November 2, 1997, restraint
Gladys Campbell, Philadelphia/New Jersey, two years old, ca 1988
Edith Campos, Tucson Arizona, fifteen years old, February 4 1998, restraint
Brianna Canales, Harrisburg Pennsylvania, four years old, April 24 2006, dozen Zoloft pills
Latasha Cannon, Boston Massachusetts, seventeen years old, April 2001, slashed throat
Mario Cano, Chula Vista California, sixteen years old, April 27 1984, untreated blood clot
Joshua K Causey, Detroit Michigan, March 21 1998 – March 18 2003, battered
Jaime Ceballos, Salinas California, two years old, November 27 2005, infection and bleeding
baby boy Charles, Las Vegas Nevada, seven months old, August 4 2006, head injury
Sherry Charlie, British Columbia, nineteen months old, September 4 2002, battered
Sarah Angelina Chavez, Alhambra California, two years old, October 11 2005, battered
Felix Chen, Bloomington Indiana, August 27 1997 – April 1 2004, treatment withheld
Sky Colon Cherevez, Paterson New Jersey, three months old, August 6 1998, battered
Tiffany H Clair, Fort Worth Texas, September 6 1985 – May 4 2001, heroin
Brian Clark, New Jersey, three years old, January 2002, untreated pneumonia
Angelic Clary, Bakersfield California, three months old, September 14 2003
Roshelle Clayborn, San Antonio Texas, sixteen years old, August 18 1997, restraint
Casey Collier, Westminster Colorado, seventeen years old, December 21 1993, restraint
Desiree Collins, Los Angeles California, fourteen years old, February 10 2002, gunshot
Nicholas Contreras, Queen Creek Arizona, January 15 1982 – March 2 1998, untreated infection
Ashleigh Marie Copeland née Lethbridge, Michigan, twelve years old, February 23 2006, grand-mal
Adrianna Cram, Veracruz Mexico (US supervision), August 25 2000 – June 13 2005
Christopher Henry Cryderman, Springfield Missouri, July 27 2004 – November 22 2004, untreated infection
Dirk D Dalton, Clarkston Washington, June 7 1989 – May 1 1994, battered
Arieale Daniels, Naples Florida, fifteen years old, 1999, car crash
Tajuana Davidson, Phoenix Arizona, three years old, November 3 1993, battered
China Marie Davis, Phoenix Arizona, March 23 1991 – October 31 1993, battered
Sabrina Elizabeth Day, Charlotte North Carolina, July 4 1984 – February 10 2000, restraint
Tyler Joseph DeLeon, Stevens County Washington, January 13 1998 – January 13 2005, dehydration
Kameron Justin Demery, Long Beach California, two years old, October 14 1996, battered
Connre Dixon, Ridgefield Township Ohio eleven years old, October 18 2004, stabbing
Mark Draheim, Orefield Pennsylvania, October 10 1984 – December 11 1998, restraint
Charmaria Drake, Cleveland Ohio, twenty months old, March 13 2003, battered
Stephanie Duffield, Manvel Texas, July 14 1984 – February 11 2001, restraint
Willie Lawrence Durden III, Citrus County Florida, seventeen years old, October 2005, unknown/died in cell
Brian Edgar, Overland Park Kansas, nine years old, December 30 2002, asphyxiation
William Edgar, Peterborough Ontario, thirteen years old, March 1999, restraint
Tiffany Eilders, Rancho Cucamonga California, fourteen weeks old, December 7 2005, battered
Ryan Ellison, Las Vegas Nevada, three months old, January 17 2006, prematurity concealed
Kayla Erlandson, King County Washington, two years old, April 1991, battered
Luke Evans, Lowell Indiana, sixteen months old, November 30 2001, malnutrition/battered
Roberta (Berta) Evers, Bayfield Colorado, six years old, June 13 1998, restraint
Sara Eyerman, California, twenty months old, ca 1986, untreated pneumonia
Sean Isaac Faith, Eagle Idaho, three years old, May 13 2006, drowning
Marcus Fiesel, Cincinnati Ohio, three years old, August 6 2006, locked in closet
Miranda Finn, Lake Butler Florida, nine years old, January 25 2006, traffic accident
Laura Fleming, Palmdale California, October 11 2004 – November 21 2004, cause unknown
Sarah Jane Forrester, Woodlawn Maryland, October 30 1985 – found May 13 1999, battered and stabbed
Rita Foster, Pasadena California, four years old, June 29 2006, run over by bus
Kameryn Fountain, Bibb County Georgia, two months old, November 20 2005, unknown cause
Henry Gallop, Boston Massachusetts, two years old, 1987, poison
Alexander Ganadonegro, Albuquerque New Mexico, March 10 1998 – February 4 1999, battered
Christening (Mikie) Garcia, Ingram Texas, twelve years old, December 4 2005, restraint
Camron P Gardner, Waupun Wisconsin, three years old, May 5 2006, battered
Dylan James George, Fremont California, April 16 2002 – October 4 2004, battered
Anthony Marino Gladue, Edmonton Alberta, seventeen years old, April 26 2006, hit by train
Corese Goldman, Chicago Illinois, two years old, 1995, drowning
Mollie Gonzales, Jefferson County Colorado, ten years old, November 18 2002, drug overdose
Julio Gonzalez, Glendale California, May 10 1995 – December 29 1996, battered
Elizabeth (Lizzy) Goodwin, Coeur d’Alene Idaho, March 22 1996 – October 22 2002, drowning
Anthony Green, Brownwood Texas, fifteen years old, May 12 1991, restraint
Sabrina Green, New York City, nine years old, November 8 1997, burned and battered
Lamar D Greene, Jacksonville Florida, sixteen years old, 2001, car crash
Corey Greer, Treasure Island Florida, four months old, ca 1985, dehydration
Gage Guillen, Boston Massachusetts, three years old, 1995, strangulation
Darvell Gulley, Lincoln Nebraska, thirteen years old, April 27 2002, restraint
Savannah Brianna Marie Hall, Prince George British Columbia, September 9 1997 – January 21 2001, malnutrition/restraint
Latiana Hamilton, Jacksonville Florida, seventeen months old, July 18 2001, drowning
Mykeeda Hampton, District of Columbia, two years old, August 1997, battered
Kelly M Hancock, Malden Massachusetts, November 6 1985 – July 18 2000, stabbed
Laura Hanson, West Palm Beach Florida, May 17 1981 – November 19 1998, restraint
Jerrell Hardiman, La Porte Indiana, four years old, October ca 1993, exposure
Alex Harris, Minden Louisiana, twelve years old, September 2005, forced running
Diane Harris, Seguin Texas, seventeen years old, April 11 1990, restraint
Jessica Albina Hagmann, Prince William County Virginia, two years old, August 11 2003, smothered
Letia Harrison, Akron Ohio, October 23 1999 – September 19 2002, baked in attic
Jordan Heikamp, Toronto Ontario, May 19 1997 – June 23 1997, starvation
Eric Hernandez, Cedar Hill Texas, January 6 1999 – March 7 1999, suffocation
Zachary Higier, né Nikita Khoryakov Braintree Massachusetts, May 24 2000 – August 15 2002, battered
Dwight Hill, Tucson Arizona, four months old, November 16 2005, battered
Nina Victoria Hilt née Vika Bazhenova, Manassas Virginia, thirty three months old, July 2 2005, battered
Steven A Hoffa, Des Moines Iowa, February 4 1993 – May 18 1996, battered
Richard (Ricky) Holland, Williamston Michigan, September 8 1997 – July 2005, battered
Michael Anthony Hughes, Choctaw Oklahoma, March 21 1988 – September 12 1994, kidnap/missing
Jarod (Jerry) Hulsey, Mesa Arizona, ten years old, April 3 2006, battered
Joseph (Joey) Huot, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, two years old, January 27 1988, battered
Dion Jack, Sproat Lake British Columbia, six years old, March 1 2006, untreated seizure
Walter Jackson, Chicago Illinois, ten months old, August 9 2005, battered
Dominic James, Springfield Missouri, June 4 2000 – August 21 2002, battered
Billie-Jo Jenkins, Hastings East Sussex England, thirteen years old, February 1997, battered
Demetrius Jeffries, Crockett Texas, seventeen years old, August 26 1997, strangulation
Dontel Jeffers, Boston Massachusetts, four years old, March 6 2005, battered
Ciara S Jobes, Baltimore Maryland, August 17 1987 – December 11 2002, starvation/beating
Stephanie Jobin, Brampton Ontario, thirteen years old, June 21 1998, restraint
Aaron Johnson, Boston Massachusetts, fifteen months old, 1987, poison
Anthony Johnson, Marshall Texas, four years old, July 11 2005, drowning
Elijah James Johnson, Los Angeles California, three years old, May 10 1999, scalded
Lorenzo Johnson, Queen Creek Arizona, 17 years old – June 27, 1994, drowned during escape
Quartrina K (Snappy) Johnson, Pikesville Maryland, December 25 1988 – July 20 2004, beaten and choked
Xolani Nkosi Johnson, Capetown South Africa, twelve years old, June 2 2001, AIDS
Christal Jones, New York City (Vermont ward), May 24 1984 – January 3 2001, suffocation
David L Jones, Chicago Illinois, April 15 1992 – March 7 1998, battered
Xavier Jones, East Orange New Jersey, twenty one months old, June 7 2006, methadone poisoning
Dennis Jurgens né Jerry Sherwood, White Bear Lake Minnesota, three years old, April 11 1965, battered
Marissa (Shorty) Karp, Pompano Beach Florida, December 6 1985 – August 19 2002, gunshot
David Ryan Keeley, New Haven Connecticut, six years old, August 12 1998, battered
Ashley Keen, Lake Butler Florida, thirteen years old, January 25 2006, traffic accident
Cassandra Killpack, Springville Utah, November 29 1997 – June 9 2002, water therapy
Ahmad King né Rawls, Alma Georgia, three years old, January 24 2006, homicide
Heather Michell Kish, Berlin Township Michigan, September 15 1987 -found October 6 2002, murdered
Noah Knapp, Marysville Washington, six years old, May 30 2005, automobile collision
Alissa Kneen, Newport Minnesota, five years old, September 7 2001, house fire
Cordell Kneen, Newport Minnesota, twenty months old, September 7 2001, house fire
Zaire Knott, Newark New Jersey, September 16 2005 – October 20 2005, cause unknown
Anatoli Kolenda, Westfield Massachusetts, May 20 1991 – October 20 2002, stabbing
Yana Kolenda, Westfield Massachusetts, December 31 1990 – October 20 2002, stabbing
Anthony Lamb, Lake Butler Florida, twenty months old, January 25 2006, traffic accident
Keisha Shardae Lane, Hagerstown Maryland, fifteen years old, August 17 2005, gunshot
Shawn Lawrence né Andy Mohler, Shelton Washington, ten years old, October 9 1999, drowning
Brittany Legler, Millcreek Pennsylvania, fifteen years old, May 9 2004, battered
Isaac Lethbridge, Detroit Michigan, two years old, August 16 2006, battered
Trenton Jared Lewis, Canyon County Idaho, three years old, July 8 2006, drowning
Jacob Lindorff, Franklin Township New Jersey, five years old, December 14 2001, battered
Christian Liz, New York City, three weeks old, November 29 2004, suffocation
James Lonnee, Guelph/Hamilton Ontario, sixteen years old, September 7 1996, beaten by cellmate
Gregory Love, Florida, twenty three months old, April 2005, head injury
Nikki Lutke, Cheyenne Wyoming, five years old, August 28 2003, drowning
Zachary James Lyons, Winston-Salem North Carolina, January 24 1992 – October 8 1996, battered
Shaquella Mance, Belton South Carolina, seven months old, March 27 2005, battered
Elizabeth Mann, Lake Butler Florida, fifteen years old, January 25 2006, traffic accident
Heaven Mann, Lake Butler Florida, three years old, January 25 2006, traffic accident
Johnny Mann, Lake Butler Florida, thirteen years old, January 25 2006, traffic accident
Cynthia Nicole (Nicki) Mann, Lake Butler Florida, fifteen years old, January 25 2006, traffic accident
Logan Marr, Chelsea Maine, October 14 1995 – January 31 2001, asphyxiation
Fernando Ibarra Martinez, Bakersfield California, nine months old, March 26 2006, battered
Stephanie Martinez, Pueblo Colorado, five years old, December 31 2001, untreated burns
Tiffany Laverne Mason, Folsom California, June 11 1986 – August 9 2001, battered
Viktor Alexander Matthey né V Sergeyevich Tulimov, Hunterdon County New Jersey, six years old, October 31 2000, hypothermia
Dominic Matz, Osawatomie Kansas, July 6 2002 – February 15 2004, treatment withheld
Jamie Mayne, Atascadero California, March 24 1995 – February 10 2000, battered
Kristal Mayon-Ceniceros, Chula Vista California, sixteen years old, February 5 1999, restraint
Emily Ann Mays, Tucson Arizona, sixteen months old, August 24 2005, battered
Andrew McClain, Bridgeport Connecticut, December 6 1986 – March 22 1998, restraint
Cory Bradley McLaughlin, North Carolina, four years old, July 4 1997, battered
Jerry McLaurin, Brownwood Texas, fourteen years old, November 2 1999, restraint
Maria Mendoza, Katy Texas, fourteen years old, October 12 2002, restraint
Caleb Jerome Merchant, Edmonton Alberta, thirteen months old, November 26, 2005, battered
Denis Merryman né Uritsky, Harford County Maryland, eight years old, January 2005, starvation
Devin Miller, Spokane Washington, twenty months old, August 6 2006, battered
Euryale Miller, Kansas City Missouri, one year old, April 1 2001, battered
Jacob Miller, Georgia, twenty two months old, November 20 1997, battered
Clayton Miracle, Georgia, three years old, August 11 1993, battered
Hanna Denise Montessori, Santa Ana California, March 16 1988 – January 19 2004, homicide/head-injury
Alfredo Montez, Auburndale Florida, two years old, July 1 2002, battered
Zachary Moran, Charlotte North Carolina, fourteen months old, August 8 2003, battered
Christina Morlan, Scott County Iowa, September 3 2003 – November 30 2003, unknown
Carlyle Mullins, Nashville Tennessee, five years old, May 27 2005, battered
Cedrick Napoleon, Killeen Texas, June 26 1987 – March 7 2002, restraint
Candace Newmaker née C Tiara Elmore, Colorado, Movember 19 1989 – April 19 2000, re-birth asphyxiation
Jonathan Nichol, Cook County Illinois, two years old, June 16 1995, drowning
Trevor Nolan, Mono County California, five years old, April 12 1997, treatment withheld
Sierra Odom, Arlington Texas, three years old, August 11 2005, battered
Lenny Ortega, Ingram Texas, twelve years old, May 30 2006, drowning
Keron Owens, Walterboro South Carolina, three years old, January 19 1992, battered
Sean Paddock né Ford, Johnston County North Carolina, four years old, February 26 2006, battered
Omar Paisley, Miami Florida, seventeen years old, June 2003, untreated appendicitis
Terrell Parker, Buffalo New York, two years old, 2003, battered
Travis Parker, Cleveland Georgia, thirteen years old, April 21 2005, restraint
Melva Dee Parrott, Hersey Michigan, May 4 1998 – June 29 2000, bronchitis
Alex Pavlis, né Geiko Schaumburg Illinois, six years old, December 19 2003, battered
Dillon Peak, Saint Petersburg Florida, fourteen years old, June 17 2006, undiagnosed illness
Dawn Renay Perry, Manvel Texas, sixteen years old, April 10 1993, restraint
Angellica Pesante, Seneca County New York, four years old, April 18 1997, battered
Terrell Peterson, Atlanta Georgia, five years old, January 16 1998, battered
Cynteria Phillips, Miami Florida, December 10 1986 – August 14 2000, rape/murder
Marguerite Pierre, West Orange New Jersey, five years old, December 2005, poison
Emporia Pirtle, Indiana, six years old, November 11 1996, battered
Jason Plischkowsky, Southampton England, May 25 1985 – December 19 1986, head injury
Huntly Tamati Pokaia, New Zealand, three years old
David Polreis, Greeley Colorado, two years old, February 6 1996, battered
Maryah Ponce, Rialto California, December 5 1997 – June 29 2001, baked in car
Constance S Porter, Kearney Missouri, July 20 1998 – February 12 2001, battered
Dakota Denzel Prince-Smith, Lancaster California, five years old, July 8 2003, baked in car
Nehamiah Nate Prince-Smith, Lancaster California, three years old, July 8 2003, baked in car
Karen Quill, St Louis Saskatchewan, twenty months old, September 13 1997, internal injuries
Rodrigo Armando Rameriez Jr, Victorville California, eighteen months old, July 6 2001, drowning
Stephanie Ramos, New York City, eight years old, July 9 2005, dumped in garbage can
Bobby Jo Randolph, Houston Texas, seventeen years old, September 26 1996, axphyxiation
Jacquelyn Reah, Grand Rapids Michigan, ten years old, November 27 2004, runaway / hit by car
Latayna Reese, Bradenton Florida, fifteen years old, April 1996
Caprice Reid, New York City, four years old, June 1997, starved and battered
Jonathan Reid, Gardena California, nine years old, June 9 1997, treatment withheld
Matthew Reid, Welland Ontario, three years old, December 15 2005, suffocation
Dustin Rhodes, Litchfield Park Arizona, nine years old, August 13 2003, battered
Alana Rickard-Cowell, Honolulu Hawaii, two months old, April 23 2006, unknown (broken bones)
Eric Roberts, Keene Texas, June 16 1979 – February 22 1996, restraint
Ana Rogers, Sparks Nevada, four months old, July 2005, pre-existing injury
Genevieve “Genny” Rojas, Chula Vista California, four years old, July 21 1995, starvation, scalded
Guadalupe Rosales III, San Antonio Texas, April 2005 – June 13 2006, battered
Paola Rosales, Milton Ontario, fourteen years old, July 3 2001, suicide
Kyle Anthony Ross, Massachusetts, September 7 1995 – June 9 2001, rottweiler
Marlon Santos, Worcester Massachusetts, five months old, November 5 1998, missing
Andres E Saragos, Warm Springs Oregon, August 5 1995 – July 13 2000, baked in car
Gina M Score, Plankinton South Dakota, May 7 1985 – July 21 1999, baked by boot camp
Caprice Scott, Florida, infant, 1999, mother in foster care
Ryan Scott, Sheffield Lake Ohio, two years old, March 27 1998, battered
Krystal Scurry, Aiken County South Carolina, February 1989 – November 2 1991, rape/murder
Andrew (Andy) Setzer, California, April 27 1995 – August 2 1999, battered
Joshua Sharp, Las Vegas Nevada, fifteen months old, August 15 2006, infection
Ariel Shaw, Bibb County Georgia, nineteen months old, January 26 2000, battered
Vivan Uk Sheppard, Jacksonville Florida, eight months old, May 15 1999, suffocation
Colby Shirley, Gallup New Mexico, eighteen months old, March 20 2006, battered
Joseph H Shriver, Pennsylvania, March 2 1997 – October 5 1997, battered
Quincey L Simmons, Omaha Nebraska, August 21 1997 – March 24 2001, battered
Christopher Simpson, Howell Michigan, seven years old, November 14 1998, fire
Jordan Simpson né Richard Morrison II, Howell Michigan, five years old, November 14 1998, fire
Nicole Simpson née Desira Morrison, Howell Michigan, seven years old, November 14 1998, fire
Devin A Slade, Milwaukee Wisconsin, October 23 2000 – June 19 2001, asphyxiation
John Smith, Fishersgate England, four years old, December 24 1999, battered and bitten
Mikinah Smith, Cincinnati Ohio, one year old, March 18 2003, battered
Tristan Sovern, Greensboro North Carolina, sixteen years old, March 4 1998, restraint
Jushai Spurgeon, North Las Vegas Nevada, fourteen months old, April 3 2005, scalding
LeRon St John, Detroit Michigan, fifteen years old, March 1 2003, untreated tuberculosis
Lloyd Stamp, Edmonton Alberta, seventeen years old, September 29, 2005, suicide
Tommy Stacey, Carmichael California, three months old, January 3 2005, SIDS
Elizabeth (Lisa) Steinberg née Launders, New York City, May 14 1981 – November 4 1987, battered
Chris Surbey, Winnipeg Manitoba, October 13 1987 – June 6 2005, stabbing
Yasmin Taylor, Paterson New Jersey, seven months old, May 8 1994, virus
Lakeysha Tharp, Irmo South Carolina, six months old, April 7 2004, asphyxiation
Adam Michael Thimyan, Riverview Florida, October 2 1986 – April 3 2004, gunshot
Timithy Thomas, Banner Elk North Carolina, nine years old, March 11 1999, restraint
Liam Thompson né Dmitry S Ishlankulov, Columbus Ohio, October 3 1999 – October 3 2002, scalding
Michael Tinning, Schenectady New York, two years old, March 2 1981, asphyxiation
Kelly Ann Tozer, Egg Harbor City New Jersey, eighteen months old, July 30 2005, drowning
Patrick Trauffler, Phoenix Arizona, six weeks old, February 18 2003, battered
Heaven Traverse, Winnipeg Manitoba, two years old, January 14 2005, battered
Demetrius Tyler, Johnson City Tennessee, six months old, November 10 2004, drowning
Tyler Vanpopering, Southgate Michigan, September 23 2003 – April 14 2004, battered
Jacqueline Venay, Philadelphia Pennsylvania, six years old, September 21 1998, battered
Reena Virk, Saanich British Columbia, fourteen years old, November 14 1997, teen swarming
George Walker III, DeKalb County Georgia, ten months old, November 7 2002, choking
Michelle Walton, Boston Massachusetts, October 6 1994, asphyxiation
Erickyzha Warner, Utica New York, July 19 2002 – May 31, 2004, untreated burns
Shane Devell Washington, Fresno California, fifteen months old, circa 1996, drowning
Evan Watkins, Las Vegas Nevada, twenty one months old, July 11 1996, battered
Omar Wellington, Toronto Ontario, seventeen years old, July 15 2006, stabbing
Devin Wilder, Cleveland Ohio, July 29 1998 – April 21 2001, battered
Dominic J Williams, Saint Louis Missouri, June 8 1987 – June 3 2004, strangulation
Andrew Wilson, Owensboro Kentucky, three years old, August 7 2005, drowning
Lorenzo J Wilson, Seattle Washington, January 29 2004 – October 22 2004, battered
Rilya Wilson, Florida, born September 29 1996, 2001, lost
Michael Spencer Wiltsie, Silver Springs Florida, September 18 1987 – February 5, 2000, restraint
Jimmy Allan Wood, Adams County Colorado, fourteen years old, November 13 2002, drug overdose
Jonnie Wood, Springdale Arkansas, eight years old, August 13 2005, drowning
Braxton D Wooden, Missouri, May 15 1997 – June 2 2005, gunshot
Donte L Woods, West Palm Beach Florida, February 25 1986 – May 27 2002, gunshot
Thomas (T J) Wright, Providence Rhode Island, three years old, October 31 2004, battered
Willie Wright, San Antonio Texas, fourteen years old, March 4 2000, restraint
Rufus Manzie Young Jr, Michigan, four years old, April 6 2003, battered
Some on please tell me how this helped this children or was “in the child’s best interest” and some one please tell my why the caseworkers were not held accountantable and charged with, abuse, cruelity, neglect or murder. These are the charges they would have charged the parent with.
Georgia DFCS strikes again. Another child is murdered in Foster Care and the only person held accountable is the Man who did it. The Case workers get off scott free. They were told not to place this child in this home and they did anyway. This child was only a baby he didn’t have a chance. It is time to hold DFCS Accountable it is time to start charging them with criminal actions. We are losing to many children to the abuse of DFCS all over the country.
Foster Father Faces Felony Murder, Child Cruelty Charges
Joseph Charles Todd Dunn Charged With Murder
By Jennifer Mayerle, CBS Atlanta Reporter
POSTED: 2:55 pm EST November 16, 2010
UPDATED: 11:20 pm EST November 16, 2010
facebookdel.icio.usbuzzdiggreddit›› Email›› PrintHENRY COUNTY, Ga. — Henry County police said a foster father was arrested and faces charges of cruelty to children and felony murder after a 20-month-old child died while in his care.
Police said Russell Chapman died on Oct. 10 at Egleston Children’s Hospital from traumatic injuries.
The foster child lived with the Joseph Charles Todd Dunn’s family in a foster-to-adopt home along with his 3-year-old sibling, according to reports.
“He always called papa, mama when he needed something,” said a woman who was Chapman’s foster mother before he lived with the Dunns.
She doesn’t want to be identified, but she does want you to know her pain.
“He was like my little boy. I suffer a lot,” said the former foster mother.
Pictures taken in the hospital show Russell unconscious. At first no one knew how it happened. Police now say they’re sure Russell was killed, dying of blunt force trauma to the head.
Russell and his brother hadn’t been with their biological mother since last year. Michelle Johnson denies mistreating them and says she had her suspicions early on about what happened. On Oct. 13, Johnson said her boys never should have been placed with the Dunns.
“From what I understand, the case worker said, ‘Don’t put them in the home’ and the Department of Family and Children Services did anyway. And in July, Russell had a broken arm,” said Johnson.
Now Johnson, and Russell’s former foster mother are left asking, “what happened?”
“That boy shouldn’t be dead. Justice is good. He will have to pay for what he did,” said the former foster mother.
CBS Atlanta spoke to a representative for DFCS. She could not answer any questions about why Russell was placed with the Dunns in the first place.
Police said Russell’s brother is now with another foster family.
Notice how the prosecution wanted to give this woman a plea of second degree murder with a chance of parole. She murder little Emily Meno for wetting her pants. Emily was placed with this foster mother by Bethany Christian Services.http://miparentalrights.ning.com/video/woman-charged-with-killing
GRAND RAPIDS, Mich. (WZZM) – A foster mom accused of killing a 5-year old girl appeared in court today.
Authorities say Emily Meno died from traumatic head injuries caused by 30-year old Joy Heaven.
Family members of 5-year old Emily Meno were holding back tears as they listened to painful testimony from investigators, and watched as prosecutors offered Joy Heaven a plea deal.
“She was a happy go lucky little girl and now she’s gone.”
For mother, Lori Meno, emotions ran deep in court, as one by one investigators gave their testimony about 5-year old Emily Meno’s death.
A detective with Kent County Sheriff’s Department testified heaven confessed to striking Emily only after being presented autopsy results. Officers say Joy Heaven claimed she was frustrated with Emily for wetting her pants and being in the way.
“She then indicated with one hand she thrust forward hitting Emily in the chest causing her to be airborne.”
Forensic pathologists agreed that Emily couldn’t have just ‘taken a fall.’
“Well the cause of death is cranial cerebral trauma which means head injury– what was the manner?– homicide.”
But as prosecutors offered Heaven a plea deal of a lesser charge, she turned the offer down.
“They were going to try to get her 2nd degree murder with parole, I told her she needs life without parole for what she’s done to my little Emily.”
No trial date is set yet, the preliminary hearing will continue on September 15th after the judge watches the confession tapes.
Police say foster mom explained why she shoved, knocked out 5-year-old girl who later died of injuries
When is this going to stop? When will children stop being murdered in Foster Care? When will CPS be held accountable.
GRAND RAPIDS TOWNSHIP — A 30-year-old foster mom, Joy Heaven, told investigators she shoved her 5-year-old foster child because she wet her pants and was in the way, causing an injury that police say led to the child’s death, court records show.
A probable cause affidavit filed by a Kent County sheriff’s Detective Randy Kieft alleges that Heaven, of Gaines Township, admitted she shoved Emily Meno about 8 p.m. on July 15.
“Emily flew through the air with her feet off the ground and landed on her head in the kitchen,” Kieft wrote. “Emily was unconscious for several seconds.”
According to Kieft, Heaven managed to wake up Emily and sent her to bed. But two hours later, Emily got out of bed and threw up. She then fell to the ground unresponsive.
Heaven told police she tried to revive Emily when she would not wake up and called 911, according to the affidavit.
Police consulted with forensic pathologist Dr. Stephen Cohle, who told them the girl’s injury was consistent with Heaven’s statement. He also said the injury is frequently seen in a person hitting their head on a hard object with a lot of force.”
Heaven was arraigned by video today in Kent County District Court on a charge of felony murder and held on a $10,000 cash bond.
She appeared in disbelief as Judge Sara Smolenski read the charge against her and asked if she understood.
Heaven was a foster parent through Bethany Christian Services, but it was unclear how long she had been doing the work.
Emily and her twin sister, Tiffany, were removed from their mother, Lori Meno, amid Child Protective Services allegations she could not care for the girls because of mild impairment.
E-mail John Tunison: firstname.lastname@example.org
Related topics: Joy Heaven
Another murder in foster care.
State releases new details about home where foster child mysteriously died
By Marjie Lundstrom
Published: Friday, May. 7, 2010 – 12:00 am | Page 1A
Last Modified: Tuesday, May. 18, 2010 – 10:33 pm
Child abuse and neglect were rampant in a crowded North Natomas foster home, where children attacked one another, their phone usage was tightly controlled and their foster mother lied to social workers about the chaotic conditions, according to new accusations by the California Department of Social Services.
Former foster provider Tracy Dossman, 42, is the focus of a state legal effort to permanently drive her out of the foster care business – an action Dossman is challenging.
Among the state’s most disturbing findings are those involving Amariana Crenshaw, the 4 ½-year-old girl who died mysteriously in Dossman’s care in January 2008.
Amariana, the youngest in the home, took the brunt of the violence and mishaps, the documents reveal. The state alleges that in August 2006, Dossman herself hit the little girl, then 3, “on or about the head and/or face,” according to state documents.
In all, state investigators cite 17 injuries to Amariana between January 2006 and July 2007. Most were to her head, face and lips, although in April 2006 she allegedly was slapped and pushed down stairs by another child. Two months later, Amariana suffered a leg injury when she was pushed out of a car.
Dossman was unavailable for comment Thursday and has repeatedly declined requests for an interview.
The state began delving into Dossman after articles published in The Bee this year raised questions about the home and the unsolved death of the little girl. Amariana’s charred body was pulled from a smoldering rental house owned by Dossman on Jan. 11, 2008, after a Molotov cocktail ignited on or near the child.
The criminal case remains unsolved. Sacramento Police spokesman Sgt. Norm Leong said Thursday that detectives recently investigated several tips, but “nothing proved fruitful.” Police plan to review the state’s amended complaint against Dossman, Leong said.
Amariana’s biological father, Curtis Crenshaw, said he was sickened by the state’s new findings.
“I have nightmares now,” said Crenshaw, 48, who complained constantly to county Child Protective Services and the Juvenile Court about the girl’s injuries. “This stuff is starting to work on me something terrible.”
Amariana and her older sister and brother were removed from their mother’s care in July 2005 due to her chronic substance abuse, according to documents from the county’s Child Protective Services. After Amariana’s death, Dossman adopted the girl’s older sister, now 10.
The state’s new accusation against Dossman, who provided foster care to at least 46 children in all, portrays a home plagued by violent outbursts, bizarre rules and unhealthy living conditions.
Among the findings:
•One child whipped another child with a belt, leaving a red mark, on more than one occasion.
• Another child was beaten up by two other foster children, suffering three injuries to her head and face. The girl “was hit so hard she passed out,” but was not given medical treatment.
• One child’s shoes were “worn so thin that one could see through the soles.” Another child’s shoes were too small. A third was dressed in dirty, ill-fitting clothing.
• Dossman’s home was “either uncomfortably cold in the winter or uncomfortably hot in the summer,” the state said. When she did run the heat, she confined it to the upstairs where she and the family slept – all except Amariana, who slept alone downstairs.
• Dossman locked the home’s refrigerator and pantry, sealing off the children’s access to food. She maintained locks on each of their bedroom doors; locking children in their rooms is a violation of state foster care rules.
The state also expressed concerns about Dossman’s failure to maintain phone service, which “made it difficult for social workers and other care providers” to reach her. At times, the only working phone was a cell phone controlled by Dossman, which prevented the children from easily making “confidential telephone calls to their social workers, attorneys, family members, etc.,” the document states.
A single mother with two biological children, Dossman was certified to work as a foster provider by at least six different private agencies in Sacramento over the years – most recently by Positive Option Family Service. In March, the state ordered Positive Option to revoke her certificate.
Because she is challenging the state’s action, the matter is set to go before an administrative law judge in June. Pending a resolution, Dossman’s foster children have been removed.
“More than ever, we are convinced that Ms. Dossman should not be a foster provider,” said Jeff Hiratsuka, deputy director of the state’s Community Care Licensing Division, which is conducting the investigation.
Hiratsuka described the case as the most complex he has seen, given the medical history and volume of documents.
Sacramento County Child Protective Services is conducting an internal investigation into its handling of Amariana’s case. The agency’s social workers monitored the girl in foster care and, county documents show, accepted Dossman’s contention that Amariana was accident prone.
The investigation is “taking much longer than we anticipated due to the complexity,” said Ann Edwards-Buckley, director of the county’s Department of Health and Human Services, which oversees CPS.
But Edwards-Buckley vowed to share the agency’s findings with the public when they are complete.
“We absolutely want to talk about it and we will,” she said.
© Copyright The Sacramento Bee. All rights reserved.
Workgroup on Gabriel Myers: Findings Draft 8/8/09
Issue: The case of Gabriel Myers
On April 16, 2009, seven year old Gabriel Myers was found hanging in the residence of his foster parents. Gabriel had been adjudicated dependent on June 29, 2008, following the arrest of his mother. During the subsequent ten months, he had been placed first in the home of a family member and, later, two other foster homes. While in care, he received numerous mental health and behavioral assessments and underwent regular treatment from both a psychiatrist and two psychotherapists, one of whom documented that “it is clear that this child is overwhelmed with change and possible re-experiencing trauma.” Gabriel demonstrated a number of incidents of destructive behavior and conduct problems and was treated through the administration of several psychotherapeutic medications.
In February and March, 2009, Gabriel experienced a number of significant events in life, including changes in foster homes, psychotherapists, after-school programs, and visitation arrangements with his mother, all of which may have contributed to his mental status at the time of his death.
• It is clear that, throughout his placement in foster care, Gabriel Myers was no one’s child; no single individual became a champion to ensure that his needs were met in a timely fashion.
• Responsibility for the treatment and care of Gabriel Myers was not clearly fixed or effectively carried out. No one person stepped forward to act as his parent.
• There was no sense of urgency driving the agencies and individuals responsible for the welfare of Gabriel Myers.
• The case itself was replete with missed opportunities to more effectively serve the needs of this child; numerous “red flags” signaling problems in Gabriel Myers’ life were evident but were not adequately or in a timely fashion addressed.
• There was a lack of on-going and regular communication between the agencies and individuals responsible for the welfare of Gabriel Myers, and reports on his behavior were not fully and regularly shared among those charged with ensuring his welfare. Recommendations for Gabriel’s case were not adequately staffed among members of his treatment team.
• Responsible parties failed to follow established law and operating procedures governing the administration of psychotherapeutic drugs and the obtaining of either informed parental consent or judicial authorization, including the notification of all involved parties.
• There was inadequate supervision of the assigned Childnet case manager.
• There was inadequate oversight of the involved agencies by Department of Children and Families personnel.
• There was inadequate, incomplete, repetitive, and at times inaccurate documentation in the case files relating to Gabriel Myers.
• There was no documented effort to gather all available information on Gabriel’s complete background.
• Appropriate agencies failed to act when the foster parent clearly indicated by e-mail a number of behavioral issues and that the placement of Gabriel Myers was in jeopardy. No action was taken to deal with the clearly expressed stress of the foster parent.
• From the information provided to the Work Group, it appears that school staff was not aware or sufficiently involved in resolving problems/concerns with Gabriel Myers.
• Broward County personnel failed to follow up with Ohio authorities concerning the medical and welfare history of Gabriel Myers, and his claims of sexual abuse were not investigated in a timely manner.
• Recommendations contained in the Comprehensive Behavioral Health Assessment and in reports by other therapists, including the Family Services Planning Team, were not completely followed.
• Gabriel Myers was not provided specific and upfront therapy to deal with identified trauma, possible post-traumatic stress disorder, and depression; intensive therapy was only directed at the prevention of sexual behaviors.
• Unnecessary delay from the time of referral (October 28) to the time of treatment (December 11) occurred.
• No recommended training to deal with Gabriel Myers’ unique background and behavior was provided to foster parents.
Parents and treatment team members apparently accepted discipline and punishment as the solution to Gabriel Myers’ behaviors. There is little evidence of behavioral analyses and positive efforts to support Gabriel and encourage his success.
• No signed consent form was maintained in the medical records.
• Too many changes occurred in the life and environment of Gabriel Myers in too short a period of time with only marginal communication between and without a coordinated assessment or response by those charged with his care.
• There was no placement stability, and Gabriel Myers’ final home was with working parents who were not always available for his unique needs.
• Gabriel Myers was left with an unauthorized caretaker on at least one occasion.
• The case demonstrated the need for a behavioral analyst to support the foster parents and more effectively deal with Gabriel Myers; none was utilized, however.
• As a result of the death of Gabriel Myers, the Broward County Child Welfare Community has identified a number of measures which, if vigorously implemented, monitored, and institutionalized, should ensure more effective and comprehensive treatment of children in the future.
Issue: The Use of Psychotherapeutic Drugs to Treat Children in Foster Care
Data presented to this Work Group indicated that, nationally, some 5% of all children are treated through the use of psychotherapeutic medications. In Florida’s foster care system, ___% of its children receive at least one such medication. While this Work Group recognizes that that the nature of this particular group of children may require an expanded use of medication, safeguards within the system must ensure that children are not needlessly medicated to make their care, not their lives, easier. In treating our children on foster care, we must recognize that they are victims, who have been abused, neglected, or abandoned, and whose lives require the attention and appropriate intervention of the State.
It should be noted that existing statutes and, consequently, DCF rules, policies, and procedures utilize the term “psychotropic medication.” The more appropriate term, and the one used throughout the Report of the Findings of this Work Group, is “psychotherapeutic medication.”
• It is essential that all elements of Florida’s child welfare system understand that each foster child should be cared for and treated as we would our own children.
• The primary issue is not whether psychotherapeutic drugs are over prescribed or whether they are under prescribed; instead, it is whether they are necessary and properly prescribed for a child in care.
• As we reviewed the inadequacies and errors in information provided on foster care children receiving psychotherapeutic drugs, it became clear that a framework for safeguards exists and is proscribed by statute, administrative rule, and operating procedures. The core failures in the system, however, centered on failures in execution, in supervision, and in monitoring.
• We have not clearly articulated the standard of psychiatric care expected for children in state foster care.
• There must be a balance of administrative requirements placed on those involved in the system with meeting the needs of the child.
• Pre-authorization requirements for psychotherapeutic medications must allow for a timely response (within 24 hours) and specify emergency exceptions.
• The designation of a health care surrogate for each foster child could ensure an on-going review and responsiveness to the medical needs of each child.
• There is no requirement for the reporting of adverse consequences of a psychotherapeutic drug.
• Policies on the use of psychotherapeutic medication for non-psychotherapeutic purposes are not clear.
• The administration of psychotherapeutic medications cannot be viewed as an action separate and apart from the child’s treatment plan.
• Psychotherapeutic medications are often being used to help parents, teachers, and other child workers quiet and manage, rather than treat, children.Children receiving medications with “Black Box” warnings are not adequately monitored, nor are those involved in the process adequately informed.
• The Department lacks a plan for the regulation of the psychotherapeutic medication. A good model has been the forensic bed crisis in terms of a daily report and weekly review by senior leadership.
• Use of psychotherapeutic medications varies significantly among DCF regions.
• There is currently no standardized, comprehensive, on-going statewide program to train case workers on issues related to psychotherapeutic medications, including requirements relating to informed consent.
• Department training on psychotherapeutic medications in 2004-05 was not comprehensive and has not been regularly repeated.
• Understanding of psychotherapeutic medications and approval process is not there.
• When medication is indicated, a combination of therapy and medication produces better outcomes. Consideration should be given to requiring children who are prescribed medication for symptoms associated with mental health or substance abuse diagnoses to receive services and supports in addition to medication management.
• Prescribers must engage children of all ages in the prescription process.
• The prescriber should document the child’s perspective and position in the treatment visit notes.
• The concurrent Quality Assurance reports show that existing records are not being provided to Prescriber.
• The child’s Guardian ad Litem should be responsible for ascertaining and informing the court of the child’s position
• Any child who objects to the administration of medication, at any point in time, should be appointed counsel to directly represent his or her position.
• A better practice is to appoint an attorney for each child whose mental health needs rise to the level of psychotherapeutic medication as that child has complex needs deserving of sustained attention of individual counsel.
The best practice is for all children in dependency to be appointed an attorney (with sufficient training and experience to provide meaningful and effective assistance of counsel).
• There is no process to ensure that there is a coordination of care between therapeutic service providers and psychotherapeutic medication prescribers.
• It is not clear whether existing Medicaid funding will support more active involvement by prescriber in therapeutic treatment of children (in contrast to payment for medication management visits).
Issue: Comprehensive Behavioral Health Assessments
Introductory paragraph to be added here
• The goal of the Department of Children and Families is that all children 17 or younger entering out of home care who are Medicaid eligible are provided a Comprehensive Behavioral Health Assessment. Testimony before this Work Group, however, indicated that not every child in foster care is eligible for or receives the Comprehensive Behavioral Health Assessment in a timely manner.
• Children currently entering state care who do not always receive comprehensive behavioral health assessments include children who are not Medicaid eligible (primarily immigrant children); children who do not enter via or remain in “shelter status” long enough for a CBHA to be ordered; and children who are placed in unlicensed settings (relative or non-relative placements).
• While used early in a foster child’s involvement with DCF, the Comprehensive Behavioral Health Assessment is not used on a regular basis to indicate progress of the child within the system unless there are clear emotional disturbances or the use of the instrument is requested.
• While subsequent CBHAs may be performed in certain circumstances, this Work Group received no evidence that CBHAs are routinely ordered for all children whose behaviors are deteriorating and whose emotional needs are escalating.
• Prescribing physicians often lack medical history (including CBHA), yet still prescribe medications.
• There appears to be a gap between those services identified in the CBHA and being included in the child’s case plan
There appears to be a gap between services included in the case plan and those actually being provided to the child.
Issue: Information contained in the Florida Safe Families Network (FSFN)
At the outset of the review by the Gabriel Myers Work group, records contained in the Florida Safe Families Network (FSFN) reflected that, of Florida’s ____ children in out-of-home care, approximately 1800 were being treated through the use of psychotherapeutic medications. A subsequent, more detailed analysis conducted on ___, 2009, indicated that ____ were actually receiving psychotherapeutic medications.
Since that time, the Department of Children and Families, working with its community partners, has been conducting a detailed review of all cases involving the administration of psychotherapeutic medications to foster children. The Gabriel Myers Work Group has received on-going briefings on the progress of these quality assurance reviews, which are clearly identifying deficiencies in data contained in FSFN and specifying corrective action needed. Each of these reports has been included on the website reflecting the activities of this Work Group.
• FSFN data are frequently incomplete and inaccurate. The information contained in FSFN is only as good as the information entered from the field; errors in input, regardless of the reasons for such errors, will continue to yield faulty information.
• A number of representatives from both DCF and the Community Based Care Lead Agencies indicated that, as currently structured, FSFN is a data capture system that provides little support for effective case management.
• The pilot project being conducted by OurKids, the Community Based Care Lead Agency for Miami-Dade/Monroe Counties, using MindShare as a platform for better analysis and case management use of FSFN data is an outstanding option which should be reviewed by the Department and all Community Based Care Lead Agencies.
• Case managers are required to enter medical information into FSFN, yet often do not understand the information and cannot verify its accuracy.
• FSFN has too many “free text” and “other” sections to serve as an adequate monitoring device.
• The list of psychotherapeutic medications, while extensive, does not include all drugs used for such purposes.
• It must be recognized that FSFN is only a data system; by itself, it does not replace adequate supervision and monitoring.
Issue: Informed Consent and Judicial Review
Section 39.407, Florida Statutes, describes in detail the process for obtaining express and informed consent for the administration of psychotherapeutic medications to children in the custody of the department. Subsection (3)(a) of that statute requires that any physician prescribing such medications to a child in the custody of the department must attempt to obtain “express and informed consent” as defined in s. 394.455(9), F.S. and described in s. 394.459(3)(a), F.S. For children whose parents’ rights have not been terminated, the prescribing physician must attempt to obtain written express and informed consent from the child’s parent or legal guardian.
Express and informed consent is defined in s. 394.455(9), F.S., and is described in s. 394.459(3)(a), F.S. Before giving express and informed consent, the following information must be provided and explained in plain language to the child’s parent or legal guardian and to the child, if age appropriate:
• the reason for admission or treatment;
• the proposed treatment;
• the purpose of the treatment to be provided;
• the common risks, benefits, and side effects thereof;
• the specific dosage range for the medication, when applicable;
• alternative treatment modalities;
• the approximate length of care;
• the potential effects of stopping treatment;
• how treatment will be monitored; and
• that any consent given for treatment may be revoked orally or in writing before or during the treatment period by the parent.
To assist the physician with securing the express and informed consent of the parent or legal guardian, the Department of Children and Families or its local partners must take steps necessary to facilitate the inclusion of the parent or legal guardian in the child’s consultation with the physician.
If the parent is unavailable or unwilling to give express and informed consent, if the parent is unknown, or if the parent’s parental rights have been terminated, a court order authorizing the administration of psychotherapeutic medication must be sought when such administration is recommended by the child’s physician. That court authorization must be entered prior to the administration of the medication.
The motion requesting authorization for the administration of the medication must be filed by attorneys representing DCF and must be accompanied by a written report, signed by the prescribing physician, supporting the motion. The required elements of the medical report are outlined in the statute and closely track the requirements for express and informed consent, above. The prescribing physician is not required to testify in any hearing on the motion unless the court orders attendance or a party subpoenas the physician. Any objection to the motion must
is received, the court must schedule a hearing on the motion “as soon as possible.”
• The on-going analysis of data contained within the Florida Safe Families Network (FSFN) clearly showed that a significant portion of cases involving the administration of psychotherapeutic medications to foster children did not meet the legal requirements relating to express and informed consent.
• The on-going analysis of data contained within the Florida Safe Families Network (FSFN) clearly showed that a significant portion of cases involving the administration of psychotherapeutic medications to foster children did not meet the legal requirements relating to judicial review.
• Psychotherapeutic medication is routinely administered to children in Florida without express and informed consent.
• The prescribing physician’s report/affidavit varies between circuits; there is no common, statewide form.
• Prescriptions do not include a “when will medications stop” consideration in the informed consent process.
• Informed consent for use of psychotherapeutic medications in a systemic problem. It appears that, too often, parents and/or the court are unaware of critical issues involving medications, procedures are not followed, and documentation requirements are ignored.
• There is often insufficient exchange of information for parents or judges to make an informed decision involving psychotherapeutic medications.
• Pre-consent process is unclear, particularly if child is already taking a medication.
• Pre-consent age requirement is not understood (under 5 or under 6?)
• The prescriber has a legal and ethical duty to obtain informed consent before psychotherapeutic medication is administered.
• Informed consent cannot be obtained absent a direct conversation between the prescriber, or a trained designee, and the person with authority to provide the consent, whether the parent or the judge. An exchange of paper can never substitute for the oral interchange and visual cues required for the prescriber (or designee) to ascertain that the “consenter” understands the decision being made.
Members of the Gabriel Myers task force that authored the report on psychotropic medications:
Jim Sewell, special assistant to the secretary of the Department of Children & Families, former assistant commissioner of the Florida Department of Law Enforcement
Bill Janes, DCF assistant secretary for substance abuse and mental health, state drug czar
Anne Wells, pharmacy director for the state Agency for Health Care Administration
Robin Rosenberg, attorney and child advocate from Florida’s Children First
Dr. Rajiv Tandon, psychiatrist with the University of Florida